APJ Abdul Kalam 5th Death Anniversary: Nation Remember The Missile Man
APJ Abdul Kalam : Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam born October 15, 1931 Rameswaram India. died July 27, 2015 Shillong. Indian scientist and politician who played a leading role in the development of India’s missile and nuclear weapons programs. He was president of India from 2002 to 2007.
Kalam was the 11th and President of India. Though he was a scientist who made our country proud with his missile defence programme, his favourite job was ‘teaching’. And he always wanted the world to remember him for that and coincidentally he died doing what he loved the most. On July 27, 2015, while delivering a lecture at the IIM Shillong, Kalam fell down suffering a stroke and passed away.
He was responsible for the development and operationalisation of Agni and Prithvi missiles, which is why he is called the ‘missile man’.
Kalam was awarded the coveted civilian awards – Padma Bhushan (1981), Padma Vibhushan (1990) and the highest civilian award in India- Bharat Ratna (1997).
For seven years (1992-1999) Kalam remained the Chief Scientific Adviser to the PM and Secretary of the DRDO.
His autobiography Wings of Fire: An Autobiography was first published in English. Later it was translated into 13 languages including French and Chinese. There are six additional biographies on his life and works.
Dr Kalam was the Scientific Adviser to the Defence Minister of India between 1992 and 1999 when India went ahead with the nuclear explosions at Pokhran.
He also engineered the Pokhran-II nuclear tests which catapulted India into the club of Nuclear Powers. It was till then only exclusive to five countries – USA, China, UK, France, and Russia.
Dr Kalam collaborated with cardiologist Dr B.Soma Raju for development of India’s first coronary stent. The stent was named Kalam-Raju-Stent and was developed in 1994. It led to reduction in prices of imported coronary stents in India by over 50 per cent. The upgraded versions of this stent are now available in the market.
Ever since Dr Kalam passed out of the Madras Institute of Technology, where he specialised in Aeronautical Engineering, he had been associated with avionics. He was deeply involved with country’s Light Combat Aircraft and also became the first Indian Head of State to fly a fighter plane.
After the success of Kalam-Raju-Stent, Dr Kalam along with Dr Soma Raju developed a tablet computer in 2012 that was aimed at arming healthcare workers taking care of underprivileged people in rural India to respond to emergency medical situations.